Buy a two-row starter system and add a sequencer and some filters, as a minimum, and listen and read a lot whilst you experiment.
You really can't go wrong with the two-row starter system, both in terms of versatility and value-for-money. Yes, there is a waiting time, unless you buy from a dealer, but then you lose the ability to tweak it a bit (e.g. start with a wider case).
In my opinion, there is no golden formula for recreating a specific style, rather one way is to put together a great set of tools and then set about understanding them and how they interact. Along the way, you'll make some great discoveries that will be your version of your target. I also advocate a spot of immersion, both reading about and around your target, and also a lot of listening.
One crazy thing that I did was to drop a Klaus Schulze track into Reaper. Having worked out the various parameters, I hit record and soloed along. I then created a different backing track that matched those parameters and dropped my solo on top. As this was just an experiment in "soloing like Klaus", I created a few different backings.
Anyway, back to designing a modular. You can add a few choice modules to a starter system, but you don't need much to get going. The sequencer and some extra filter types are no-brainers, in my opinion of course. Building slowly can be frustrating as you have the aggregated wait times, but it does offer the opportunity to get to know your instrument, unless you are already quite experienced, in which case it really designs itself
I also recommend reading something like "Patch & Tweak", if you haven't already. Alternatively, there are some great free resources to start to understand what modules do and how they interact.
Apologies for the long post, it's very much from my point-of-view. To finish, creating something of the complexity that you desire will require a very large system, a few instruments or much layering in a DAW. Or all of that...
Realistically you could produce any of those types of music with the starter rack 2. Some may require some tricky patching, but you can ultimately get something that sounds good in each of the categories mentioned.
Personally I'd say get the starter rack 2 and a midi sequencer of some kind and go from there. You'll soon find where you'd like to go and what more you might need.